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It will include: the examination and reading of examples of Latin texts (exceptionally French or English ones); the study of abbreviations; the typology and nomenclature of scripts, according to the Lieftinck-Gumbert system and other systems; the dating and localization of scripts; the techniques and principles of historical and diplomatic transcription and editing.
Students will be required to make a series of transcriptions.
With thanks to Larry Hurtado and the Ph D student who brought this to his attention, I have accessed a recently published article that, as Dr Hurtado himself says, “all concerned with the study of NT manuscripts should read”: Pasquale Orsini & Willy Clarysse, “Early New Testament Manuscripts and Their Dates: A Critique of Theological Palaeography,” 88 (2012): 443-74.
As Hurtado himself points out, “the authors are both professional/trained palaeographers, and Clarysse is the founder of the extremely valuable Leuven Database of Ancient Books (LDAB), which provides data on all published/edited manuscripts from the ancient world, and can be accessed online here.” The point of the recent article? These comparisons are inappropriate, however, since both P104 and P52 are written in round majuscule.
ancient forms of writing, as in inscriptions, documents, and manuscripts.2. ancient forms of writing, as in inscriptions, documents, and manuscripts.2. features of another Dublin manuscript of the later Middle Ages, Royal Irish Academy Library MS 12 R31, a deluxe copy of a book of hours for Sarum use produced in Rouen around 1444 for the marriage of Sir Thomas Hoo and Eleanor Welles.
the study of ancient writings, including decipherment, translation, and determination of age and date. the study of ancient writings, including decipherment, translation, and determination of age and date. analysis, Verkerk offers a convincing argument for the abandonment of the often repeated but weakly supported attribution of the manuscript to Spain in favor of Italy and then attributes the manuscript's production to Rome in the late sixth century.
Many ancient cultures marked themselves as relative to a particular monarch's reign.
An introduction to this neglected field, including reading, transcribing (and expanding abbreviations), identification, classification, dating and localization of the principal kinds of Gothic and humanistic book script.
Again, Hurtado: Of course the one manscript that is of most popular and controversial interest is P52, that small scrap of text from the Gospel of John. There are no first century New Testament papyri and only very few can be attributed to the second century (P52, P90, P104, probably all the second half of the century) or somewhere between the late second and early third centuries (P30, P64 67 4, 0171, 0212).
I won’t repeat all the details here since they are widely known and readily available on Wikipedia. The article includes a wonderful table of 11 scripts for comparison, as well as cross-references for 91 manuscripts and the dates assigned to them Comfort-Barrett, Jaroš, Nestle-Aland and Orsine and Clarysse. — The date of the earliest New Testament papyri is nearly always based on palaeographical criteria.
The course will have a practical character, concentrating on a broad range of scripts.
Starting from the tangled image presented by late medieval manuscripts, a much-needed systematization will be developed, and gothic and humanistic scripts will be given a place in the history of handwriting in the West.
Note: What is unusual about the two laboratory methods of dating is how they are being used.